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Katana and uchigatana are two of the most popular and well-known traditional Japanese swords. They originated in the feudal period of the area and were carried and used by warriors. Both the katana and the uchigatana have similar designs, including curved blades, but there are some obvious differences between the two swords that should not be ignored. So, what is the difference between a katana and uchigatana, and which of these traditional Japanese swords is better?
The katana first appeared in Japan during the Kamakura period (1185 to 1333). At that time, the term "katana" was used to describe a single-edged curved sword that was longer than the sword. It was produced out of the need for better weapons. During the Kamakura period, the Japanese army was unable to withstand the Mongols' attack due to the thick hard-skin armor of the enemy. The samurai discovered that their swords could not penetrate the armor of the Mongols, so the swordsmith began to research new swords and invented the katana.
As you may know, the katana is characterized by a curved single-edged blade-it is well known all over the world. By designing the katana in this way, feudal Japanese swordsmiths were able to create a better weapon that could easily cut hard leather armor. The curved blade of the katana and the use of high-carbon steel allow it to bend without breaking.
As a descendant of Tachi, uchigatana is a traditional Japanese sword. Like the katana, its history can be traced back to the country's Kamakura period. Also, if you compare the picture of the samurai sword with the picture of uchigatana, you may not be able to tell the difference. This is because both traditional Japanese knives have curved single-edged blades, and their length is about 23 to 38 inches.
The difference between Katana and Uchigatana
The main difference between katana and uchigatana is their construction quality. Katanas are generally considered to be higher-quality swords made of high-quality materials and exquisite craftsmanship. It usually takes several months for a swordsmith to produce a samurai sword, and a uchigatana can be completed in a few weeks.
According to Wikipedia, uchigatana is a disposable weapon due to its low-quality structure. After the samurai has used this sword, he will dispose of it and replace it with a new sword. Because of this, few or no examples of truly traditional Japanese uchigatanas are known to exist today.