4 types of Chinese curved sword (Scimitar)
The characteristic of traditional Chinese swords is that the blade is either straight or slightly curved. Some of the first swords in the region were characterized by straight blades. However, over time, they developed into curved blades.
However, the Mongolian invasion of the Chinese introduced the saber into this country, and its blade arc is more prominent. This prompted China to start making swords with greater curvature. This new type of sword is called a peidao.
Yanmaodao means "goose ling sword", and its design is similar to the straight north sword. They have a curve near the tip of the blade to increase efficiency when performing thrust attacks. And because the curve is toward the tip of the sword, the smoked sword is easier to operate than other designs. These characteristics make it a popular weapon choice for Chinese soldiers.
Translated as "willow leaves safer", the Liuyedao is probably the most common machete in China. It originated in the Ming Dynasty in ancient China. The characteristic of the Liuyedao style is that the curvature is moderate to the level of blade. That being said, it is usually not used as a primary weapon. On the contrary, the Liuyedao was used as an auxiliary or side arm weapon in infantry and cavalry soldiers.
Translated as "slashing sabe", the piandao is characterized by a deeper and more prominent blade curvature. Deep curvature allows faster drawing and cutting. The Piandao Sword is very similar to Shamshir and Scimitar. The one-handed design allows Chinese soldiers to use it when using the shield. Of course, this is beneficial when facing archers, such as those encountered by Chinese soldiers during the Mongolian invasion.
The fourth and most basic sabre is the niuweidao, which translates as "oxtail saber". The characteristic of this epee is that the blade flares outward and bends towards the tip. According to various reports, it was invented around the Qing Dynasty in the early 19th century. Therefore, it is a relatively new sword compared to other sword types. In addition, the niuweidao is mainly used for civilian use; it is not issued to Chinese soldiers in the army.
All four types of sabre have prominent blade curvature. However, as you can see, there are subtle differences between the different types.